Interior design and organic art
If we analyse the current trends through organic decoration, we can see that harmonious, simple and pleasing to the eye spaces can be created through this technique, because as Isaac Newton said “Nature is pleased with simplicity” and it is possible to create a state of comfort through organic shapes and materials.
In organic art it is very common to use irregular figures, objects or furniture that do not follow an exact pattern, alluding to the elements of nature.
Beginnings and development of organic design
The creation of organic figures dates back to the 20th century, with the entry of a plastic current called biomorphism whose quality was to highlight the natural and biological world. It was marked by great artists who relied on this type of current to create surrealist works, such as Hans Bellmer or Joan Miró who captured the calm and peace of the plant world in their works.
In the 1930s, this concept began to be used in the field of design, with figures such as Alvar Aalto, the creator of organicism. Later, designers such as Charles and Ray Eames and Isamu Noguchi followed Aalto’s lead, using organic forms in their designs.
Progressively the organic became an art whose main objective, and which is still in force today, is the integration of all the elements, that is to say, the creation of a unified composition of the human being, environment and nature, achieving that the totality had a greater repercussion than the sum of the parts.
Alvar Aalto, Paimio Chair 1931-1932, MOMA
– Main characteristics –
- Shapes: simple and carefully designed, providing wellbeing and comfort isolated from the perfect geometry.
- Materials: sustainable and eco-friendly, using wood, clay, stone or vegetable fibres.
- Shades: green, earth or white that symbolise purity, serenity and harmony, although some experts prefer to play with discreet chromatic combinations avoiding very suggestive colours.
- Style: depends on the artist, his or her concerns, what he or she wishes to convey, creating a perfect visual harmony.
- Processes: they are usually complex and elaborate, whose compositional purpose is to create a structure that is in harmony with the other elements.
Charles Eames y Eero Saarinen, Propuesta presentada en la “Organic Design in Home Furnishing Competition” organizada por el Museum of Modern Art de Nueva York en 1940
We can conclude that throughout time there have been great advances and transformations in our natural environment that have led great artists to reflect it in their works in order to give a touch of attention and make society aware that it is possible to coexist, inspire us and take care of natural resources and in turn obtain raw material to create objects or furniture that connect visually and functionally with organic architecture.